At the age of 12, Lev Schwarzmann (Shvartsman) was kidnapped by anarchists in order to get a ransom from his father, one of the wealthiest Kyiv residents of the late 19th century. After returning to the family, Lev joined the Narodnaya Volya, but he did not stay long with them. None of the theories of the development of society that existed then, and even more so of a person, suited him, and he developed his own philosophy.

Yehuda Leib Schwartzmann, who became known to the world of philosophic thought as Lev Shestov, grew up in the Podil neighborhood of…

Boris Lozhkin

President of the Jewish Confederation of Ukraine and Vice-President of the World Jewish Congress.

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